ThingSpeak IoT Blog

Don’t Get Stuck in the Mud, Understand Tide Levels with MATLAB


Tides go up and down. But, the question is when and how will the tide levels change in the future. If you are planning a boating trip or trying to understand how the wind affects tide levels during storms, you want to predict the tide levels using data that you have collected locally. In a tutorial published on Hackster.io, you will be able to learn how to use ThingSpeak to collect sensor data that represents the tide height at a given time, use MATLAB to preprocess the data, use MATLAB to predict future tide levels, and use ThingSpeak to send alerts. Here’s what the system looks like installed at a dock in Cape Cod.

The tide height is calculated using an ultrasonic level sensor. This measurement is taken periodically and then sent to ThingSpeak, an IoT analytics cloud platform by MathWorks, using a cellular modem. The system can easily be adapted to collect data about any environmental system such as greenhouses or oyster farms.

Once you have the data in a ThingSpeak channel, you use MATLAB to preprocess and clean up the data. The raw data some times has extraneous values caused by environmental factors such as lighting, cabling, and electrical interference. Sometimes, you have missing data caused by connectivity issues. It is important to clean up the data before you use the data in your analysis.

To predict future tide levels and send alerts when the tide is rising or falling, we use the MATLAB Analysis app on ThingSpeak. With MATLAB, we can use historical data to make a prediction about the future tide levels. This predicted tide level can be used to help schedule a boating trip or plan for a water surge after a storm.

 

Tide Alerts

Remembering to check the tide level when fishing or lazing on the beach is not particularly convenient. A much more useful approach is to have the system send a message when the time has come to pack up and start heading back to the dock. The timing of the alert depends on how much water depth is needed by a particular boat. Larger boats need higher water levels in order to move without getting stuck in the mud. One way to send alerts is to use ThingSpeak and MATLAB to detect changes in tidal height and send alerts.

Conclusion

Developing a tide monitoring system provided accurate tide level measurement and tide level prediction, with the added ability to send alerts. Robert has been able to avoid being stuck in the bay by providing enough time to get back to his dock using this system. This project also serves as a useful approach to solving many data-driven puzzles by having a reliable way to collect, analyze, and act on data. Using MATLAB, the accuracy of the tide levels improved by understanding the proper tide levels at a specific location and when the tide levels will change. If you used the general tide forecast, you would have to account for several inches of tide height difference.

Resources

Learn about IoT and Digital Twins


An emerging topic with IoT is Digital Twin (DT).

The digital twin is a federation of data and models that can be analyzed or put into a simulation to create useful information about the past, present, or future of the DT’s physical twin.

Bruce Sinclair of the Iot-Inc. Business Show podcast invite Jim Tung, a MathWorks fellow, to discuss models, simulation, and digital twins. Jim shares information about a few MathWorks customer use cases and our products used for modeling, simulation, and IoT.

Bruce and Jim talk about many interesting and key topics for IoT system development, including:

  • The difference between data-driven models and functional models
  • Using raw data to calibrate, update and validate functional models
  • System level modeling
  • The importance model hierarchy to discover insights
  • A smart grid digital twin example
  • The role of deep learning in digital twin modeling
  • The actionable steps of how to create your digital twin

To listen to the  Iot-Inc. Business Show podcast, either subscribe on iTunes or play the episode on Iot-Inc.

Additional Resources

Send Bulk Sensor Data to ThingSpeak for Analysis


Many IoT projects collect data from a sensor and send the data to ThingSpeak at the same time over and over. To continuously collect and send data to the cloud requires the device to be powered and connected all of the time. A battery-powered IoT device like a Particle Photon or Onion Omega2 would run out of power quickly. There are many IoT applications where you want your IoT device to collect the data offline over a long period of time, then send the data all at once to ThingSpeak for analysis.

The ThingSpeak team at MathWorks is excited to announce Bulk-Update! This new ThingSpeak feature is targeted at IoT devices trying to optimize battery use by allowing the device to update a lot of data at once. To help you get started with bulk-update, we have written examples for Arduino, ESP8266, Particle Photon, and the Raspberry Pi 3.

Once your data is on ThingSpeak, it is easy to analyze using the MATLAB Analysis and Visualization apps within ThingSpeak, MATLAB Online, or Desktop MATLAB. To read data from ThingSpeak into MATLAB, use the ThingSpeak Support Toolbox and the thingSpeakRead command. We have released documentation and examples to help you get started with bulk-update on ThingSpeak.

Resources for Bulk-Update

Using IoT Devices as Teaching Aids in Engineering Education


We are excited to return to the 124th Annual American Society of Engineering Education Conference & Exposition! ASEE is committed to fostering the exchange of ideas, enhancing teaching methods and curriculum, and providing prime networking opportunities for engineering and technology education stakeholders such as: deans, faculty members, and industry and government representatives. MathWorks is proud to sponsor and support engineering education initiatives.

This year, I will be hosting an IoT workshop with Dr. Gerald W. Recktenwald, Portland State University, Jeff Branson from SparkFun, Dr. Duncan James Bremner P.E. from the University of Glasgow. Our session is called, “Your Head in the Clouds: A Hands-on Workshop on Using IoT Devices as Teaching Aids“. We will explore IoT hardware and software to be used as teaching aids in engineering education. We will use tools from SparkFun, ThingSpeak, and MATLAB to build an IoT project in the workshop. For more information, visit the ASEE session website.

American Society for Engineering Education Conference

Greater Columbus Convention Center
400 N. High Street
Columbus, OH

W426B·WEDNESDAY WORKSHOP:

Your Head in the Clouds: A Hands-on Workshop on Using IoT Devices as Teaching Aids
Wednesday,  June 28, 2017 1:30 PM to 5:30 PM

The Data Science Behind BBQ


Smoking ribs or a pork shoulder requires lots of patience and practice. When everything works, you get to enjoy an amazing dinner. When things go wrong, you end up with dry, overcooked meat that only your dog may enjoy. Here’s what great BBQ looks like from @AndreasHarsch.

My process of smoking meat, cheese, or even ice cream is to monitor only the meat temperature and the internal temperature of the smoker. When I finish a cook, I go back and try to learn from the data. I do not attempt to control the smoker using the Internet of Things, I use IoT to collect the data with ThingSpeak, analyze the data with MATLAB, and apply the insights to the next cook. The best advice that I have been given is to not change too many variables. Stick with simple rubs, the same charcoal, the same wood, the same cuts of meat, etc. Only change one variable for one cook. It takes years of trial and error before you get great at BBQ.

With the help of ThingSpeak and MATLAB, I can help you understand one of the more frustrating parts of smoking meats… the stall! The stall is a period of time where what you are cooking does not seem to be increasing in internal temperature. I used to panic during the stall and mess with the temperature by adding more charcoal or turning the vents. Overtime, I realized this is normal. No reason to panic.

Cooking is taking something cold and getting its internal temperature up to a safe level. Everything that you cook has a different target internal temperature, but generally the sweet spot is 190-205F. Smoking is about low and slow cooking. This means that you are trying to raise that internal temperature slowly with a low temperature. I use a cook temperature of 230-250F. This means that smoking takes a lot of time to properly cook. In some cases, this is two hours per pound. Things don’t change much minute to minute in a BBQ pit, so you can collect data every few minutes and still have an accurate picture of what’s happening.

Collecting Data

First, I set up a ThingSpeak channel to store my temperature data. One field is for the smoker’s temperature and field two is for the internal temperature of what I am cooking. To get the data, you have many options. I did a quick search around the internet and discovered hundreds of Arduino and ThingSpeak projects to get data from a smoker. In general you need two temperature probes that can take the heat of the smoker, connectors, an Arduino with Wi-Fi like the MKR1000.

Analyzing the Temperature Data

The first step is to read in the temperature data using MATLAB that was collected by ThingSpeak. Data on ThingSpeak is stored in a channel and identified by a channelID. If you have a private channel, you will need to supply a Read API Key to get access to the data.

smokerTT = thingSpeakRead(279400,'ReadKey','9AYZQDT1XFDM98FW','OutputFormat','timetable','NumPoints',115);

Sometimes the data from your temperature probe is noisey. This means the value that the temperature probe reports is sometimes higher or lower than the actual temperature. If you take a few samples and take a median, you get a consistent result. In MATLAB, I use smoothdata to take a moving median of my time-series sensor data.

smoothSmoker = smoothdata(smokerTT);

After I clean up the data, I want to visualize it and to see what happened. This is a good time to learn how long things actually take, so on your next cook you budget the right amount of time and don’t rush any phases.

plot(smoothSmoker.Timestamps, smoothSmoker.Variables);

I can use this data to determine how long the total cook will last and even set alerts using ThingSpeak. I tend to watch the smoker and tend the fire.

Results

After a lot of research, I discovered what the stall is doing and why it is important to keep your patience and push forward. This is starting to sound like a metaphor for life. According to Prof. Greg Blonder, “The stall is evaporative cooling”. Prof. Greg is a physicist, entrepreneur, former Chief Technical Advisor at AT&T’s legendary Bell Labs, and regularly contributes to AmazingRibs.com. He likes to bust myths about barbequing and help us understand the thermodynamics of cooking. You are heating the meat slowly, but the moisuture in the meat is evapotaring at the same rate. This effect causes a stall in the temperature rise. The temperature of the meat will go up when the moisture is depleted. The stall is important to the cooking process and leads to something called the bark. This is an outer layer of the meat that is slightly thicker and less tender than the rest of the meat, but traps in lots of flavor and adds to its complexity. So, don’t rush during the stall. Keep the smoker temperature constant – avoid the temptation to turn the heat up to get through faster. And in the end, enjoy some well made BBQ with friends and family over the summer weekends and holidays.